Month: April 2015

Salt , by Mandy Liebregts

https://vimeo.com/99156041 

Dead-Sea

Als ontwerper ben je continu bezig met wat er om je heen gebeurd, maar vooral wat je daarin ziet. Ik zelf probeer altijd te zoeken naar verborgen natuurlijke aspecten die er altijd al zijn maar waar niemand de tijd voor heeft genomen om naar te kijken.

Zout, het doet je in eerste instantie denken aan een smaak die je waarneemt met je smaak zintuig. Witte simpele korrels die je bij je eten doet of op de straat strooit als het weer eens gaat vriezen. Maar als je zout van dichtbij bekijkt kun je zien dat het geweldige eigenschappen heeft en kristalvormig is.
Voeg daar twee andere natuurlijke materialen bij, Zon en klei en je krijgt een materiaal waar deze prachtige tegels van gemaakt zijn.
Dit project ‘The recrystallized hotel’ is waar mijn interesse is ontstaan om verder te kijken naar de mogelijkheden van zout. Deze tegels zijn ontstaan vanuit de ontdekking dat er steeds meer zout zich afzet tegen de bodem van de dode zee waardoor de zeespiegel stijgt. Dit vormt een bedreiging voor de omliggende omgeving, de oplossing is het zout gebruiken als grondstof. De tegels zijn gemaakt door middel van verhitting waardoor een smeltingsproces optreed, dit word herhalend opgebouwd in meerdere lagen. De bovenste laag is een composiet van zout en klei poeder waardoor het tegen water kan. Het product is dus misschien hierdoor uiteindelijk minder duurzaam door de stoffen die vrijkomen bij de smelting en de mening met een ander materiaal.

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Shio-1-Occulus

Na dit project ben ik verder gaan zoeken naar andere projecten die gemaakt zijn van zout. Want door deze samenstelling van het materiaal kwamen er al meteen verschillende producten in mij naar boven die ik zou willen proberen te maken.

Het volgende project wat ik tegenkwam was een product wat het natuurlijke proces laat zien van zout afzetting in een lichtobject. Door steeds pekel over een bestaande vorm te gieten zet het zout hierin zich af tegen de vorm waardoor het product als het ware `groeit’. Hierdoor ontstaat er een organische vorm die iedere productie weer anders word en daarom uniek blijft.
Het nadeel van dit product is dat het zout eerst een bestaande vorm nodig heeft om tegen af te zetten en de productie enige tijd nodig heeft om steeds meer zout af te zetten tegen de basis.Aan de andere kant is het voordeel dat het zout niet gemixt word met een ander materiaal en dus gewoon puur zout kan blijven.
Het volgende project is een 3D geprint project. In eerste instantie ben ik niet echt een fan van 3D printen maar het mooie aan dit product is dat het 2 goede eigenschappen samenvoegt tot een mooi product. Deze schaal laat ondanks dat het duidelijk een niet natuurlijk ontstaande vorm is,  mooi de kristal vorming zien van het materiaal. Ook is het sterk door de 3D geprinte constructie en dichtheid.

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http://www.emergingobjects.com/projects/saltygloo/

Het laatste project wat zeker voor inspiratie zal zorgen is een uit zout 3D geprinte constructie. Het materiaal bestaat uit gewonnen zout met een ` zout lijm’. Deze combinatie zorgt voor materiaal dat je sterk, lichtgewicht, doorschijnend en goedkoop kan maken. Deze constructie bestaat uit verschillende onderdelen die je aan elkaar kan vast maken waardoor je een grote constructie kan creëren, die bijvoorbeeld kan worden toegepast binnen de architectuur. Door de combinatie van het doorschijnende materiaal en de vorm word er gespeeld met vorm en lichtval waardoor er verschillende patronen ontstaan.

Ik heb door deze projecten al verschillende interessante opties gezien voor het toepassen van dit materiaal. Wel lijkt me erg interessant om aan de slag te gaan met verschillende testen en of het me gaat lukken om de eigenschappen van de al bestaande materialen te recreëren of door samenvoeging met een andere materiaal te zorgen dat het extra interessante eigenschappen erbij kan krijgen. Daarnaast ben ik benieuwd of ik er niet toch achter kan komen of er bij het zout iets bij is gevoegd dat een niet duurzaam materiaal is.

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Ik ben al begonnen met verschillende testen met het zout als eerste wil ik proberen of het mij lukt om hetzelfde effect te krijgen als met het proces wat er tijdens het maken van de lamp is gebruikt. Ook wil ik proberen om zelf zout te gaan smelten in een mal in de oven om te kijken hoe het materiaal dan aanvoelt en eruit ziet.  Mocht dit werken ga ik zeker door met dit onderzoek om zout met andere materialen te proberen combineren om te kijken hoe deze combinaties uitpakken.

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Plastic Yourself

Getting rid of plastic waste by re-using plastic bottles and bags as decoration! Something you can make yourself at him with simple tools and knowledge. Turorials and inspiration on https://plasticyourself.wordpress.com/ !

About Plastic Waste

For my own project I focused on recycling; Instead of making news things and produce even more, why not use the stuff that is already there and not used anymore? With this question I stumbled upon plastic pollution. About 10% of the total waste consists out of plastic. It is actually one of the biggest problem as most plastics are not bio- degradable.

There are different types of plastic and they are all numbered:

recyclecodes

-PET or PETE: Is a safe plastic used mostly of plastic bottles for one time use. Reusing these plastics however is not as safe as it first seemed. After a while it starts leaking toxins which can cause cancer as well has hormone disturbance.

-HDPE: High Density Polyethylene, is used for almost all the bottles from shampoo to children toys. This type of plastic is considered safe for use, reuse and recycling.

– PVC: Polyvinyl Chloride, is one of the most toxic plastics. As well as producing, using, reusing and recycling. It’s often used for objects that need to contain fluids (or keep fluids out)  for a long period of time. From origin it’s though material, thinning liquids are added for example producing shower curtains or  armbands for swimming.

– LDPE: Low Density Polyethylene, is used for a lot of everyday objects, bottles, wrapping plastics for food, plastic bags. Although is a more allusive material than HDPE, it seems just as safe in both use and recycle.

– Polypropylene: looks like HDPE, is pretty though but more flexible. It’s used for bath toys, straws and storage ware. It’s considered safe for use.

– Polystyrene: is a plastic used for plastic silverware, cups and throw-away-objects. It’s not bio-degradable nor is it safe to recycle or reuse. Never the less it’s still used for many a things.

The 10% plastic waste mostly consists out of HDPE, LDPE, Polystyrene, and PET(E). The reason is that the objects that are made of this material are not designed to last long. On average most of the things we buy we throw away within 6 months.

The World Counts made a small list of recent facts about plastic bags, which seems to makeup most of the plastic problem.

  • 160,000 plastic bags are used globally every second!
  • 5 trillion plastic bags are produced yearly. Side by side, they can encircle the world 7 times.
  • The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is a floating landfill of garbage in the Pacific twice the size of Texas, is mostly composed of plastic.
  • In 2008, a sperm whale was found beached in California. It died due to the more than 22 kilos of plastic found in its stomach.
  • Plastic will only start degrading after 700 years and will only fully degrade in 1000 years. This means that all the plastic that has ever been produced has not degraded yet.
  • Plastic bags remain toxic even after it breaks down. It doesn’t biodegrade, it photo-degrades. It means that after it degrades, it breaks down into smaller and smaller toxic bits of itself – and bleeds and contaminates the environment.
  • An average family will use 60 plastic bags on four visits to the supermarket.
  • Only 1 to 3% of plastic bags are recycled worldwide.
  • Plastic bags cause the death of many marine animals when they are mistaken for food.
  • Plastic bags were introduced to supermarkets in 1977.
  • In the North Pacific Ocean, there are 6x more plastic debris than plankton.
  • Plastic bags are produced using petroleum, natural gas and other chemicals. Its production is toxic to the environment.

It’s nice to know that we know what we are doing wrong, but how do we actually reduce this problem. Some people organize volunteering work were they clean up beaches or using fishing nets to clean oceans and sea’s. But does this really help if the amount of pollution that gets added is bigger than we can clean it up? It’s  scrubbing with the tap open.

I could go over the numerous possibilities that science and technology has pointed out on the what, the who and the why, but what does this mean to an average Earthican (myself included) who knows nothing about science or are just not aware at all. Very simple (not); create an idea or campaign that can be managed and understand by normal people, not only the people who are actively carrying about our environment.  That is why I created this very webpage. To provide answers to difficult questions.

About PlasticYourself

Plasticyouself is a project I started to reduce plastic waste in a non-hippie/eco-freak way but in an artsy way. I am an art student myself and I am currently researching the term ‘Craft’. How craft effects people, how people feel about making things with their own hand than rather the mass-production from the 21st century.

I combined this with the idea of recycling. Plastic waste, so bags, cups, can’s etc. are for a crafter or artist materials which they can use to make stuff. There is a little bit of base knowledge needed for processing plastics, but that is why I made this site.

The idea of reusing plastic waste to make people craft from plastic waste. It’s like Ikea-Hacking, the on the rise Do-It-Yourself (DIY) culture. I will do my best to give any information how you can DIY with plastic at home.

Manual and Safety

Molding or smelting plastics is not like baking cake. Here are some very important things have to take into account:

– 1: The risk of harm. If the hot plastic pasta touches you skin it’s sticks to you and you can burn yourself! Damaging you skin or worse.

– 2: Which brings me to the next point which is clothing. Don’t wear any clothing that catches fir easily. Something like a lab coat would be best but because not everybody has that, an apron will suffice. Things made ofpolyester is discouraged.

-3: Another point involving clothing is protection for your hands. First thing that comes to mind are fire resistant gloves. Gardening gloves are also might suffice as well but it depends on the material it’s made of. NO LATEX GLOVES!

-4: Mouth protection. Even when reheating LDPE and HDPE, which are considered relatively safe, there will always be a production of harmful/toxic fumes. Conduct your plastic crafting outside (balcony/garden). If you can not do it outside, were a mouth cap or if you have a exhaust hood in your kitchen.

-5: Read the descriptions of the plastics. Every plastic is different and so needs a different way or molding. Some valued information is mention on the About Plastic Waste page.

My own Experiment Tutorial

Worked Material

plasticmelt

PowerPoint Presentation: PLASTICYOURSELF

-Roos Kraaieveld, Animatie 2, 0884647, Design For impact

THINK GREEN – GREEN BIN by Sara Pavicic

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The Green Bin concept is a environment friendly product.

In one year the World generates approximately 2.6 trillion pounds of garbage, of which half of it is not recyclable. The question is: WHERE DOES THE GARBAGE GOES?

59% of the garbage ends up in landfills, open areas that are filled with all kind of waste, from plastic to toxic! In this modern World we are using on a daily base an enormous amount of plastic, and we are creating a lot of plastic waste! For the plastic to decompose it takes from 200-1000 years, which means that we are intoxicating a lot of future generations.

How to use and reuse the waste and make it useful?

The answer is the GREEN BIN!

The bin is made out of recycled paper that was transformed in to pulp and molded in to a container to be used as a compost bin!

The GREEN BIN is very handy and light and it is 100% natural material!

Once Your container is filled with all the food waste (that is suitable for the compost), You can put it in the ground in Your garden, and after some weeks it will decompose completely and transform in to compost, natural fertilizer, that will feed your greens.

Think green, use the GREEN BIN and save the PLANET!

THE HONEYBEE PROBLEM

Honeybee infographic

SUPPORTING TEXT

Bees pollinate a third of our food supply they don’t just make honey! but colonies have been disappearing at alarming rates in many parts of the world due to the accumulated effects of parasitic mites, viral and bacterial diseases, and exposure to pesticides and herbicides.

Our supermarket produce aisles would look very, very bare without bees. This is something we should all be extremely concerned about: the dramatic drop in bee populations that’s been taking place over the past seven years.

Bees have survived for over 50 million years. So something is very wrong when they are dying en masse. This is happening for four interrelated reasons, all related to changes in farming practices after World War II, says Spivak. While there’s been a 300% increase in production of crops that require bee pollination since WWII, we’ve started using much more synthetic fertilizer, and created crop monocultures, systematically eliminating the flowering plants that bees need for survival. At the same time, we’ve started using pesticides, and now every batch of pollen that a honeybee collects has at least six traces of pesticides in it including neonicotinoids. These pesticides move through.

“We need to behave more like a bee society, where each of our small actions can contribute to a grand solution,” says Spivak. “Let planting flowers be the driver of large scale change.”

https://www.ted.com/talks/marla_spivak_why_bees_are_disappearing

A GREAT DOCUMENTARY ABOUT THIS PROBLEM YOU’D HAVE TO SEE: VANISHING OF THE BEES

Honeybees have been mysteriously disappearing across the planet, literally vanishing from their hives.

Known as Colony Collapse Disorder, this phenomenon has brought beekeepers to crisis in an industry responsible for producing apples, broccoli, watermelon, onions, cherries and a hundred other fruits and vegetables. Commercial honeybee operations pollinate crops that make up one out of every three bites of food on our tables.

Vanishing of the Bees follows commercial beekeepers David Hackenberg and Dave Mendes as they strive to keep their bees healthy and fulfill pollination contracts across the U.S. The film explores the struggles they face as the two friends plead their case on Capital Hill and travel across the Pacific Ocean in the quest to protect their honeybees.

Filming across the US, in Europe, Australia and Asia, this documentary examines the alarming disappearance of honeybees and the greater meaning it holds about the relationship between mankind and mother earth. As scientists puzzle over the cause, organic beekeepers indicate alternative reasons for this tragic loss. Conflicting options abound and after years of research, a definitive answer has not been found to this harrowing mystery.

You can borrow the movie from school!

http://www.vanishingbees.com

Door: Evie van Velzen 0883092 en Annick Bongers 0875758

LEATHER WAIST, GINA SMIT& CLASIEN WAAS

We have found a simple solution to re-use leather leftovers. Since it’s a big waisting problem which happens all over the world, we wanted think of a way to reduce the amount that’s not being used. For instance, fashion and furniture labels are producing a lot of products from leather, and millions of animals get killed for it. We stand by the idea of using natural materials, but most of the time when the right shapes are cut out of the leather, the rest of it gets thrown away. Now we get that leather is a hard material to re-use of recicle, but we wanted to maybe find a way to use the smaller parts of leather in a usefull way.

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Our first step was to search for products that already exists, and how we could think of a better, smarter and more sustainable idea. But since most products here get thrown away after short time we though about giving it some use for people who need it more than we do.

CREATING SOMETHING USEFULL FOR SYRIA.

Syria’s civil war is the worst humanitarian disaster of our time. The number of innocent civilians suffering, more than 11 million people are displaced,  and the increasingly dire impact on neighboring countries can seem to overwhelming to understand.

And since leather is a material with a lot of good qualities, why not make something for them to make their lives a little easier.

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We talked a lot about something they need that we could make out of spare leather, and in the end we decided to make slippers. Something that a lot of people miss and would make their lives a little easier. Health is a important factor in surviving the war, and with naked feet you get hurt faster while walking or catch a cold.

The idea is to gather spare leather and press it together and make slippers out of it.

design for impact